Areas covered

Are you worried about a legal issue? Let’s talk about it.

We offer legal advice and assistance in various areas of law.

Social law

Social (administrative) law relates to decisions rendered by a government department or agency.

  • Compensation after a car accident (SAAQ)
  • Social assistance and employment insurance
  • Pension plan (RRQ)
  • Parental benefits
  • Family allowance
  • Health insurance plan (RAMQ)

Family law

Family law governs family relations and relations between persons related by blood or marriage.

  • Marriage, civil union and community of life
  • Separation and divorce
  • Family patrimony and matrimonial regime
  • Support payments
  • Child custody and visiting rights
  • Parental authority

Succession law

Succession law governs the transfer of a person’s patrimony upon death, whether or not they made a will.

  • Rights and obligations relating to death, succession and inheritance
  • Acceptance or renunciation of a succession
  • Form, probate and revocation of wills
  • Functions and responsibilities of liquidators

Civil law

Civil law covers all of the rules included in the Civil Code of Québec.

  • Latent defects
  • Relations between neighbours
  • Co-ownership
  • Purchase, sale, lease or loan of property
  • Contracts
  • Small claims
  • Damages

Housing law

Housing law governs the relations between landlords and tenants of dwellings (apartments, rooms, houses).

  • Lease (term, renewal, resiliation)
  • Repossession, eviction
  • Lease assignment or sublease
  • Nuisances, noise
  • Rent (increase, payment)
  • Condition of dwelling (unsanitary condition, renovations, work)

Employment law (individual employment contracts)

Employment law concerns, among other things, the rules applicable to professional relationships between employers and non-unionized employees.

  • Employment relationship
  • Suitable employment
  • Income replacement indemnity
  • Accommodation, functional limitations, disability
  • Termination of employment
  • Industrial accidents, occupational diseases and employment injuries

Areas not covered

Unfortunately, for the time being, we do not provide any services in the following areas:

Criminal and penal law

Criminal and penal law deals with criminal offences under the Criminal Code and penal offences under various other laws.

For example:

  • Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs and while using a cell phone
  • Speeding, dangerous driving, failure to stop at the scene of an accident
  • Domestic violence
  • Drug possession and trafficking
  • Theft, fraud
  • Vandalism, public mischief
  • Sexual offences
  • Harassment, assault, murder

Immigration law

Immigration law governs the right of foreigners to enter, stay, work or study in Canada.

For example:

  • Visas
  • Refugee protection claims
  • Refugee or permanent resident status
  • Work or study permits
  • Sponsorships

Business law

Business law governs the legal relationships of enterprises, partnerships, corporations and their executives.

For example:

  • Types of enterprises (companies, corporations, partnerships, etc.)
  • Incorporation and registration
  • Shareholders’ agreements
  • Commercial leases
  • Intellectual property
  • Competition

Labour law (unionized workers, collective agreements)

Collective labour relations law concerns the rules applicable to the professional relationships between employers and unionized employees.

For example:

  • Interpretation of collective agreements
  • Unionization, right of association
  • Collective bargaining
  • Grievances

Youth law

Youth law includes child and adolescent law, youth criminal justice and adoption.

For example:

  • Youth protection (DYP)
  • Young offenders (YCJA)
  • Child neglect, abuse and abandonment
  • Removal of a child from their home
  • Foster care
  • Housing in a youth centre
  • Adoption, tutorship

Law of persons

The law of persons comprises the rules surrounding a person’s existence, fundamental rights and capacity to exercise them.

For example:

  • Reasons for discrimination
  • Reasonable accommodation
  • Accessibility for persons with disabilities
  • Protection mandates, assistance measures and tutorships to persons of full age
  • Consent to care

Does your situation relate to any of the areas we do not cover? Please see the Ressources section for help.

We also recommend that you check whether you are eligible for legal aid.

Our services

How it works

Are you interested in using our services?

The Barreau du Québec places a high priority on protecting the personal information of website users and is dedicated to ensuring the confidentiality of this information. To facilitate smooth website navigation, we make use of cookies in strict accordance with legal requirements. For more information regarding our policy, please refer to our Declaration of confidentiality and conditions of use.